2021’s Best Programming Languages to Learn

Like any other professional field, coding languages are always improving. Some technologies have risen to prominence, while others have fallen out of favour, making it unwise to invest effort in understanding them. It may be difficult for a tech novice attempting to learn programming to decide which technology to use. The following are the best programming languages to learn.

Man Sitting in Front of Three Computers

Java

programming languages

Platform: Web, Mobile, Desktop

Annual Salary: around $79,000

What exactly is the technology about?

This is one of the world’s most popular programming languages. Java was founded in 1995 and is now owned by the global technology behemoth Oracle. It is an object-oriented programming language that is used almost everywhere. The fact that this is the technology for massive server-side enterprise-level applications distinguishes it. It is highly structured, secure, portable, and portable. Java is widely utilised by large IT businesses such as Google, Amazon, and Twitter, to name a few. Java coding talents have been in great demand for several years and continue to remain so.

Where to learn

  1. CodeGym is a Java learning tool that is gamified. It’s a well-organized course that emphasises learning by doing. And a lot of fun to play with! The platform includes approximately 1200 jobs of varying difficulty. When you finish a task, you get quick confirmation of your solution. You can use the desktop version, but there is also a mobile version that allows you to code from your smartphone wherever you are. Throughout the course, you progress from level to level, just as in a game. And eventually, you’ll be able to create your own game. Make an effort to see yourself.
  2. Pluralsight’s Java Fundamentals course. The site gives a wealth of information about design patterns. This is a common stumbling problem for inexperienced programmers. Here in this course, you may lay the groundwork for this information right from the start. The platform, along with its many other excellent learning elements, is well worth a look.
  3. Another resource I would recommend is Codecademy. The project is structured and well-organized. As a result, you can design your own curriculum and pursue your own learning path. Each course includes more than 50 lectures and interactive tests. Furthermore, there is the option to request a personal code review from a member of the community.

Python

programming languages

Platform: Web, Desktop

Annual Salary: $76,500

What exactly is the technology about?

Python is a rock star technology to master for three main reasons. First and foremost, it is free and open-source. Second, it is legible, making it one of the most simple programming languages to learn. Third, this is the technology that underpins the in-demand fields of Data Science and Machine Learning. There is a severe scarcity of talents and expertise in this area. Furthermore, Python includes robust modules for GUI-based apps that are quite useful for graphically loaded projects.

Where to learn

  1. Learnpython.org is a website dedicated to teaching Python. This is an excellent resource for learning Python from the ground up. It’s a hands-on instruction with over 500,000 students worldwide. The classes are methodically constructed, and it is simple to understand what the platform is all about.
  2. Learn Python the Hard Way. Though the project title may appear to be difficult, the reality is completely different. You may also begin studying Python here if you have no prior coding knowledge. Furthermore, it teaches you to see the consequences of your code from the beginning. A problem-solving methodology that is implemented in code tasks.
  3. Invent with Python. The course is designed to provide you the ability to create as well as code. Aside from learning the language (which is free), you can use your newly learned skills to create your own games.

Kotlin

programming languages

Platform: Web, Mobile, Desktop, Server

Annual Salary: around $136,000

What exactly is the technology about?

Kotlin is a brand-new programming language. It was first publicly launched in 2016, and it functions similarly to Java’s younger sibling. It was actually designed to outperform the previous one. But, in my opinion, there is still a long way to go. Kotlin is a popular programming language for Android.

Google also strongly supports it. However, because this is a relatively new tale, some tools that are already available in Java must be recreated for Kotlin. Nonetheless, some significant organisations, such as Coursera and Pinterest, prefer Kotlin over other languages. A newcomer to Kotlin may find it difficult to understand. However, if you first learn Java and then polish your skills with Kotlin, you will be far superior to the ordinary developer.

Where to learn

  1. Udemy offers Kotlin for Java Developers. The course is an excellent way to improve your Java abilities while learning cutting-edge mobile programming technology. It was designed specifically to assist Java developers in quickly mastering the language.
  2. The Complete Kotlin Developer Course. Another Udemy course that teaches the essentials of Android smartphone development. It delves into general OOP ideas, which is critical for individuals who are just getting started.
  3. Kotlin for beginners: Learn Programming With Kotlin. You can start with the fundamentals of programming and work your way up to confident mobile app development.

Swift

programming languages

Platform: Mobile (iOS and macOS apps, specifically)

Annual Salary: $96,000

What exactly is the technology about?

This programming language is a descendant of the well-known Objective-C, the technology that powers the Apple universe. Swift, like Kotlin, was released by the firm in 2014. It is a relatively new programming language, yet it is already in high demand. Swift is used by tech behemoths such as WordPress, SoundCloud, and Mozilla FireFox for their iOS apps. Swift replaced Objective-C as the official language for iOS and macOS development.

Where to learn

  1. Complete iOS 14, Swift 5 and Machine Learning with CoreML. The course’s developers guarantee that at the end of the study, you will be able to design any app you want. Maybe not that quickly. However, you will undoubtedly master the fundamentals of Swift, gain valuable coding experience, and get an understanding of Machine Learning.
  2. SwiftUI Masterclass 2021 — iOS 14 App Development & Swift 5. This one is a little deeper and more difficult. You’ll learn the fundamentals of prototyping, how to design apps with outstanding user interfaces, and how to publish your apps on the AppStore.
  3. Cracking Coding Interview & Algorithm Design in Swift (2021). This course is formatted in the manner of an interview. You eventually figure out how to overcome hurdles and learn new ways to coding.

C#

programming languages

Platform: Cross-platform, including mobile and enterprise software applications

Annual Salary: $68,500

What exactly is the technology about?

This is a programming language with a long and illustrious history. It’s a ready-to-use solution for Windows programming and anything based on the.NET framework. Microsoft built it, and it is still one of the greatest technologies for enterprise-level programming. But wait, there’s more! The C # programming language is also utilised in the Unity game engine, which is a top development environment for the gaming industry.

Where to learn

  1. C# Basics by Treehouse. Here you may learn the fundamental principles and techniques of coding and complete tasks and develop your first rudimentary programs. If you explore deeper, you may discover that it is not so straightforward.
  2. C# Basics for Beginners: Learn C# Fundamentals by Coding. The designer of the course explains everything in detail and in a very transparent manner. This claims learning the fundamentals of C# in under 6 hours seem reasonable.
  3. Scott Allen’s C# Fundamentals (Pluralsight). In this section, you will learn the essentials of the C # and.NET platforms. The course tutor leads you through the fundamentals of coding and constructing your first C # projects step by step. You’ll also learn how to debug your apps and test the functionality of your code.

Conclusion

There are numerous ways for a beginner to learn programming. To begin, there are hundreds of code languages to choose from. However, the technologies discussed here are among the best in the world, and have been for many years. I believe that these are the greatest programming languages to learn.

Any of the five are excellent options for someone interested in pursuing a career as a software developer. They are in high demand around the world and will undoubtedly stay so in the future. If you already know how to code, you can brush up on your knowledge or begin exploring new technologies. Whatever path you take, the most essential thing is to make time for studying on a regular basis. And don’t be afraid to ask for assistance when you need it. You will eventually find yourself coding easily and effortlessly. It may not appear so at the start of the journey.

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